T2 Property is Hereditary

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Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space which is a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.

Let $T_H = \struct {H, \tau_H}$, where $\O \subset H \subseteq S$, be a subspace of $T$.

Then $T_H$ is a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.

That is, the property of being a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space is hereditary.


Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.


$\forall x, y \in S, x \ne y: \exists U, V \in \tau: x \in U, y \in V: U \cap V = \O$

That is, for any two distinct elements $x, y \in S$ there exist disjoint open sets $U, V \in \tau$ containing $x$ and $y$ respectively.

We have that the set $\tau_H$ is defined as:

$\tau_H := \set {U \cap H: U \in \tau}$

Let $x, y \in H$ such that $x \ne y$.

Then as $x, y \in S$ we have that:

$\exists U, V \in \tau: x \in U, y \in V, U \cap V = \O$

As $x, y \in H$ we have that:

$x \in U \cap H, y \in V \cap H: \paren {U \cap H} \cap \paren {V \cap H} = \O$

and so the $T_2$ axiom is satisfied in $H$.