Additive Inverse in Vector Space is Unique

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Let $\struct {\mathbf V, +, \circ}_F$ be a vector space over a field $F$, as defined by the vector space axioms.

Then for every $\mathbf v \in \mathbf V$, the additive inverse of $\mathbf v$ is unique:

$\forall \mathbf v \in \mathbf V: \exists! \paren {-\mathbf v} \in \mathbf V: \mathbf v + \paren {-\mathbf v} = \mathbf 0$


Proof of Existence

Follows from the vector space axioms.


Proof of Uniqueness

Let $\mathbf v$ have inverses $\mathbf x$ and $\mathbf y$.


\(\displaystyle \mathbf v + \mathbf x\) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \mathbf 0\) $\quad$ $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \land \ \ \) \(\displaystyle \mathbf v + \mathbf y\) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \mathbf 0\) $\quad$ $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \leadsto \ \ \) \(\displaystyle \mathbf v + \mathbf x\) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \mathbf v + \mathbf y\) $\quad$ $\quad$
\(\displaystyle \leadsto \ \ \) \(\displaystyle \mathbf x\) \(=\) \(\displaystyle \mathbf y\) $\quad$ Vectors are Left Cancellable $\quad$


Also see