# Definition:Apex

## Definition

The apex of a geometric figure is the point which is distinguished from the others by dint of it being furthest away from its base.

Not all figures have a discernible apex; for example, parallelograms, prisms and parallelepipeds do not.

### Apex of Triangle Having selected one side of a triangle to be the base, the opposite vertex to that base is called the apex.

In the above diagram, if $AC$ is taken to be the base of $\triangle ABC$, then $B$ is the apex.

### Apex of Isosceles Triangle The vertex opposite the base of an isosceles triangle is called the apex of the triangle.

In the above diagram, $A$ is the apex.

### Apex of Cone In the above diagram, the point $A$ is known as the apex of the cone.

### Apex of Pyramid The vertex of a pyramid which is the common vertex of its triangular faces is called the apex of the pyramid.

In the above diagram, $Q$ is the apex.

## Linguistic Note

The plural of apex is apices, which is pronounced ay-pi-seez.

The form apexes can often be seen, but this is technically incorrect.

Compare vertex.

Hence the colloquial phrase base over apex as the description of a particularly flamboyant physical tumble.