# Definition:Lemniscate of Bernoulli/Geometric Definition

## Definition

Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ be points in the plane such that $P_1 P_2 = 2 a$ for some constant $a$.

The **lemniscate of Bernoulli** is the locus of points $M$ in the plane such that:

- $P_1 M \times P_2 M = a^2$

### Focus

Each of the two points $P_1$ and $P_2$ can be referred to as a **focus** of the **lemniscate**.

### Lobe

Each of the two loops that constitute the **lemniscate** can be referred to as a **lobe** of the **lemniscate**.

### Major Axis

The line $P_1 P_2$ is the **major axis** of the **lemniscate**.

### Major Semiaxis

Each of the lines $O P_1$ and $O P_2$ is a **major semiaxis** of the **lemniscate**.

## Also see

- Equivalence of Definitions of Lemniscate of Bernoulli
- Lemniscate of Bernoulli is Special Case of Ovals of Cassini

## Source of Name

This entry was named for Jacob Bernoulli.

## Historical Note

The **lemniscate of Bernoulli** was investigated in some depth by Jacob Bernoulli, from whom it was given its name.

## Linguistic Note

The word **lemniscate** comes from the Latin word **lemniscus**, which means **pendant ribbon**.

The word may ultimately derive from the Latin **lēmniscātus**, which means **decorated with ribbons**.

This may in turn come from the ancient Greek island of **Lemnos** where ribbons were worn as decorations.

## Sources

- 1983: François Le Lionnais and Jean Brette:
*Les Nombres Remarquables*... (previous) ... (next): $1,31102 87771 46059 90523 \ldots$

- Weisstein, Eric W. "Lemniscate." From
*MathWorld*--A Wolfram Web Resource. https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Lemniscate.html