# Empty Set is Unique/Proof 1

## Theorem

## Proof

Let $\O$ and $\O'$ both be empty sets.

From Empty Set is Subset of All Sets, $\O \subseteq \O'$, because $\O$ is empty.

Likewise, we have $\O' \subseteq \O$, since $\O'$ is empty.

Together, by the definition of set equality, this implies that $\O = \O'$.

Thus there is only one empty set.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1971: Robert H. Kasriel:
*Undergraduate Topology*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 1.3$: Subsets - 1978: Thomas A. Whitelaw:
*An Introduction to Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 6.5$: Subsets