# Equivalence Relation on Natural Numbers such that Quotient is Power of Two/One of Pair of Equivalent Elements is Divisor of the Other

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## Theorem

Let $\alpha$ denote the relation defined on the natural numbers $\N$ by:

- $\forall x, y \in \N: x \mathrel \alpha y \iff \exists n \in \Z: x = 2^n y$

We have that $\alpha$ is an equivalence relation.

Let $c, d \in \N$ such that $c \mathrel \alpha d$.

Then either:

- $c \divides d$

or:

- $d \divides c$

where $\divides$ denotes divisibility.

## Proof

That $\alpha$ is an equivalence relation is proved in Equivalence Relation on Natural Numbers such that Quotient is Power of Two.

We are given that $c \mathrel \alpha d$.

Without loss of generality, suppose $c < d$.

If $d < c$ then the same argument holds, mutatis mutandis.

By definition of $\alpha$, we have that:

- $c = 2^n d$

for some $n \in \Z$.

As $c < d$ it follows that $2^n > 1$.

That is, $n > 0$ and so $2^n \in \Z$.

So by definition $c$ is a divisor of $d$.

The result follows.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1975: T.S. Blyth:
*Set Theory and Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 6$. Indexed families; partitions; equivalence relations: Exercise $8$