# Inverse of Commuting Pair/Examples

## Examples of Use of Inverse of Commuting Pair

### Elements of Symmetric Group $S_3$

Consider the Symmetric Group on $3$ Letters $S_3$, whose Cayley table is given as:

$\begin{array}{c|cccccc} \circ & e & (123) & (132) & (23) & (13) & (12) \\ \hline e & e & (123) & (132) & (23) & (13) & (12) \\ (123) & (123) & (132) & e & (13) & (12) & (23) \\ (132) & (132) & e & (123) & (12) & (23) & (13) \\ (23) & (23) & (12) & (13) & e & (132) & (123) \\ (13) & (13) & (23) & (12) & (123) & e & (132) \\ (12) & (12) & (13) & (23) & (132) & (123) & e \\ \end{array}$

Let $x = \tuple {1 2 3}$ and $y = \tuple {1 3}$.

We have:

 $\displaystyle \paren {x y}^{-1}$ $=$ $\displaystyle \paren {\tuple {1 2 3} \tuple {1 3} }^{-1}$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \tuple {1 2}^{-1}$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \tuple {1 2}$

However:

 $\displaystyle x^{-1} y^{-1}$ $=$ $\displaystyle \tuple {1 2 3}^{-1} \tuple {1 3}^{-1}$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \tuple {1 3 2} \tuple {1 3}$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \tuple {2 3}$ $\displaystyle$ $\ne$ $\displaystyle \paren {x y}^{-1}$