British mathematical physicist and engineer who did important work in:
- the mathematical analysis of electricity
- formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics
- unification of the discipline of modern physics
Received a knighthood from Queen Victoria for his work on the development of the transatlantic electric telegraph project.
- Born: 26 June 1824 in Belfast, Ireland
- Died: 17 December 1907 in Netherhall (near Largs), Ayrshire, Scotland
Theorems and Definitions
- Kelvin-Stokes Theorem (with George Gabriel Stokes)
- Kelvin (the SI base unit of temperature)
- Kelvin Transform
- Kelvin Function
Results named for William Thomson can be found here.
Definitions of concepts named for William Thomson can be found here.
- 1840: Essay on the Figure of the Earth
- 1841: Fourier's expansions of functions in trigonometrical series
- 1842: On the uniform motion of heat and its connection with the mathematical theory of electricity
- 1856: Dynamical illustrations of the magnetic and helicoidal rotary effects of transparent bodies on polarised light
- 1867: On vortex motion
- A single curve, drawn in the manner of the curve of prices of cotton, describes all that the ear can possibly hear as the result of the most complicated musical performance ... That to my mind is a wonderful proof of the potency of mathematics.
- Mathematics is the only good metaphysics.
Also known as
William Thomson is also (perhaps better) known as Lord Kelvin.
Full name and title: Sir William Thomson, $1$st Baron Kelvin.
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "William Thomson": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive
- 1937: Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics ... (previous) ... (next): They Say: What Say They? : Let Them Say
- 2008: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: Kelvin, Sir William Thomson, Baron (1824-1907)
- 2008: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: Thomson, William
- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: Kelvin, Lord (1824-1907)
- 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson: The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: Thomson, William