# Mathematician:Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia

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## Mathematician

Italian mathematician, engineer and surveyor.

- Published first Italian translations of Archimedes and Euclid.
- Devised a solution to the general cubic equation independently of Scipione del Ferro, later published by Gerolamo Cardano and now known as Cardano's Formula.
- Challenged in $1535$ by Antonio Maria del Fiore to a public contest to solve cubics, and won convincingly.

## Nationality

Italian

## History

- Born: 1499 or 1500
- 1512: Suffered a war injury to his face resulting in an inability to speak clearly, which earned him the nickname "Tartaglia" ("Stammerer").
- Died: December 13, 1557

## Theorems

- Tartaglia's Formula for the volume of any irregular tetrahedron.
- Tartaglia's Triangle, also known as Pascal's Triangle.
- Tartaglia's Poem

Results named for **Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia** can be found here.

## Publications

- 1543: Translation into Italian of Euclid's
*The Elements* - 1546:
*Quesiti, et Inventioni Diverse*("Questions, and Various Inventions") - 1556:
*General Trattato di Numeri et Misure*("General Treatise on Number and Measure")

## Also known as

Appears variously on the title pages of his works:

**Nicolo Tartaglia**

Some sources give his first name as **Nicola**.

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Niccolò Fontana Tartaglia": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1971: Allan Clark:
*Elements of Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Introduction - 1986: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*... (previous) ... (next): A List of Mathematicians in Chronological Sequence - 1992: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Puzzles*... (previous) ... (next): Exchanging the Knights - 1997: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): A List of Mathematicians in Chronological Sequence - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Tartaglia, Niccolò**(*c*. 1500-1557) - 2004: Ian Stewart:
*Galois Theory*(3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Historical Introduction: Polynomial Equations - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Tartaglia, Niccolò**(*c*. 1500-1557) - 2008: Ian Stewart:
*Taming the Infinite*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $4$: Lure of the Unknown: Cubic equations - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Tartaglia, Niccolò**(1499-1557)