Negative of Absolute Value

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Theorem

Let $x \in \R$ be a real number.

Let $\size x$ denote the absolute value of $x$.


Then:

$-\size x \le x \le \size x$


Corollary 1

$\size x < y \iff -y < x < y$


Corollary 2

$\size x \le y \iff -y \le x \le y$

that is:

$\size x \le y \iff \begin {cases} x & \le y \\ -x & \le y \end {cases}$


Corollary 3

Let $y \in \R_{\ge 0}$.

Let $z \in \R$.


Then:

$\left\vert{x - z}\right\vert < y \iff z - y < x < z + y$


Proof

Either $x \ge 0$ or $x < 0$.

If $x \ge 0$, then:
$-\size x \le 0 \le x = \size x$
If $x < 0$, then:
$-\size x = x < 0 < \size x$

$\blacksquare$


Sources