# Non-Zero Real Numbers Closed under Multiplication/Proof 2

## Theorem

The set of non-zero real numbers is closed under multiplication:

$\forall x, y \in \R_{\ne 0}: x \times y \in \R_{\ne 0}$

## Proof

Let $x \times y = 0$.

Without loss of generality, suppose that $x \ne 0$.

Then:

 $\displaystyle x \times y$ $=$ $\displaystyle 0$ $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle \frac 1 x \times \paren {x \times y}$ $=$ $\displaystyle \frac 1 x \times 0$ as $x \ne 0$ $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle \paren {\frac 1 x \times x} \times y$ $=$ $\displaystyle \frac 1 x \times 0$ Real Number Axioms: $\R M 1$: Associativity $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle 1 \times y$ $=$ $\displaystyle \frac 1 x \times 0$ Real Number Axioms: $\R M 4$: Inverse $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle y$ $=$ $\displaystyle \frac 1 x \times 0$ Real Number Axioms: $\R M 3$: Identity $\displaystyle \leadsto \ \$ $\displaystyle y$ $=$ $\displaystyle 0$ Real Zero is Zero Element

Thus:

$x \times y = 0, x \ne 0 \implies y = 0$
$x \times y = 0, y \ne 0 \implies x = 0$

and so:

$x \times y = 0 \implies y = 0 \lor x = 0$

So:

 $\displaystyle$  $\displaystyle x \times y = 0$ $\displaystyle$ $\leadsto$ $\displaystyle \paren {x = 0} \lor \paren {y = 0}$ $\displaystyle$ $\leadsto$ $\displaystyle \neg \paren {x \ne 0 \land y \ne 0}$ De Morgan's Laws: Disjunction

The result follows by the Rule of Transposition.

$\blacksquare$