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- Exactly one straight line can be drawn through any point not on a given line parallel to the given straight line in a plane.
- Given any straight line and a point not on it, there exists one and only one line which passes through this point and does not intersect the first line no matter how far they are extended.
- This unique line is defined as being parallel to the original line in question.
- Two straight lines which intersect one another cannot both be parallel to one and the same straight line.
Source of Name
This entry was named for John Playfair.
However, he did not originate it, merely published it.
When he did so, he credited others, specifically William Ludlam, for having used it earlier.