Category:Definitions/Geometric Reflections

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This category contains definitions related to reflections in the context of Euclidean Geometry.
Related results can be found in Category:Geometric Reflections.


A reflection in the context of Euclidean geometry is an isometry from a Euclidean Space $\R^n$ as follows.

A reflection is defined usually for either:

$n = 2$, representing the plane

or:

$n = 3$, representing ordinary space.


Reflection in the Plane

A reflection $\phi_{AB}$ in the plane is an isometry on the Euclidean Space $\Gamma = \R^2$ as follows.


Let $AB$ be a distinguished straight line in $\Gamma$, which has the property that:

$\forall P \in AB: \map {\phi_{AB} } P = P$

That is, every point on $AB$ maps to itself.


Let $P \in \Gamma$ such that $P \notin AB$.

Let a straight line be constructed from $P$ to $O$ on $AB$ such that $OP$ is perpendicular to $AB$.

Let $PO$ be produced to $P'$ such that $OP = OP'$.


Reflection-in-Plane.png


Then:

$\map {\phi_{AB} } P = P'$

Thus $\phi_{AB}$ is a reflection (in the plane) in (the axis of reflection) $AB$.


Reflection in Space

A reflection $\phi_S$ in space is an isometry on the Euclidean Space $\Gamma = \R^2$ as follows.


Let $S$ be a distinguished plane in $\Gamma$, which has the property that:

$\forall P \in S: \map {\phi_S} P = P$

That is, every point on $S$ maps to itself.


Let $P \in \Gamma$ such that $P \notin S$.

Let a straight line be constructed from $P$ to $O$ on $S$ such that $OP$ is perpendicular to $S$.

Let $PO$ be produced to $P'$ such that $OP = OP'$.


Reflection-in-Space.png


Then:

$\map {\phi_S} P = P'$

Thus $\phi_S$ is a reflection (in space) in (the plane of reflection) $S$.


Point Reflection in Space

A point reflection $\psi_O$ in space is an isometry on the Euclidean Space $\Gamma = \R^3$ as follows.


Let $O$ be a distinguished point in $\Gamma$, called the inversion point, which has the property that:

$\map {r_\alpha} O = O$

That is, $O$ maps to itself.


Let $P \in \Gamma$ such that $P \ne O$.

Let $OP$ be joined by a straight line.

Let $PO$ be produced to $P'$ such that $OP = OP'$.


Then:

$\map {\psi_O} P = P'$

Thus $\phi_S$ is a point reflection (in space) in (the inversion point) $O$.