Let $K$ be a conic section specified in terms of:
- $q = \epsilon \, p$
The word focus is of Latin origin, hence its irregular plural form foci.
It was introduced into geometry by Johannes Kepler when he established his First Law of Planetary Motion. The word in Latin means fireplace or hearth, which is appropriate, considering the position of the sun.
The pronunciation of foci has a hard c, and is rendered approximately as folk-eye.
Beware the solecism of pronouncing it fo-sigh, which is incorrect.
It appears in his Collection.
As he was scrupulous in documenting his sources, and he gives none for this construction, it can be supposed that it originated with him.