Mathematician:Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
In Persian: نصیر الدین طوسی, known in the west as Tusi.
Full name: محمد بن محمد بن الحسن طوسی - Khawaja Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan Tūsī.
Multi-discipline scientist and prolific writer who pre-empted several later Western scientists:
- Darwin with his ideas on evolution
- Copernicus on his heliocentric view of the solar system
- Galileo with his insight into the nature of the Milky Way.
- Born: 18 Feb 1201, Tus, Khorasan (now Iran)
- Died: 26 June 1274, Kadhimain (near Baghdad, now in Iraq)
Theorems and Definitions
Definitions of concepts named for Nasir al-Din al-Tusi can be found here.
Books and Papers
Around 150 works, including:
- 1272: Zij-i Ilkhani (Ilkhanic Tables): a major astronomical treatise
- Kitāb al-Shakl al-Qattā (Book on the Complete Quadrilateral): a five volume summary of trigonometry
- Al-Tadhkirah fi'ilm al-Hay'ah (A memoir on the Science of Astronomy)
- Akhlaq-i-Nasri: a work on ethics, in which he described his Theory of Evolution
- Al-Risalah al-Asturlabiyah (A Treatise on the Astrolabe)
- Sharh al-Isharat (Commentary on Avicenna's Isharat)
- Awsaf al-Ashraf: a short mystical-ethical work in Persian
- Tajrīd al-iʿtiqād (Summation of Belief): a commentary on Shia doctrines
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Nasir al-Din al-Tusi": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive