# Mathematician:Oliver Heaviside

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## Mathematician

Largely self-taught English mathematician and physicist who was one of the pioneers in the field of electrical engineering.

Invented a considerable amount of the mathematics and terminology used in electromagnetism.

Significantly developed the theory of operational calculus, which are still used in modern-day mathematics in the context of Laplace transforms.

Developed a vector calculus independently of that of Josiah Willard Gibbs, completely independent of him.

## Nationality

English

## History

- Born: 18 May 1850, Camden Town, London, England
- Died: 3 February 1925, Torquay, Devon, England

## Theorems and Definitions

Results named for **Oliver Heaviside** can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for **Oliver Heaviside** can be found here.

## Publications

- 1885, 1886, 1887:
*Electromagnetic Induction and its Propagation* - 1887:
*Electrical Papers* - 1888/89:
*Electromagnetic Waves, the Propagation of Potential, and the Electromagnetic Effects of a Moving Charge* - 1889:
*On the Electromagnetic Effects due to the Motion of Electrification through a Dielectric* - 1892:
*On the Forces, Stresses, and Fluxes of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field* - 1893:
*A Gravitational and Electromagnetic Analogy*

## Notable Quotes

*'Quaternion' was, I think, defined by an American schoolgirl to be 'an ancient religious ceremony'. This was, however, a complete mistake. The ancients -- unlike Prof. Tait -- knew not and did not worship Quaternions.*- --Preface to
*Electromagnetic Theory*

- --Preface to

## Sources

- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Oliver Heaviside": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive

- 1921: C.E. Weatherburn:
*Elementary Vector Analysis*... (previous) ... (next): Historical Introduction