Mathematician:William Rowan Hamilton
Irish mathematician and physicist famous (among other things) for:
- Creating the field of Hamiltonian mechanics;
- The discovery of quaternions;
- Development of aspects of graph theory.
Coined the term associative in about 1844.
Irish, although at that time Ireland was politically part of Great Britain.
- Born: 4 Aug 1805, Dublin, Ireland
- Died: 2 Sept 1865, Dublin, Ireland
Theorems and Definitions
- Hamiltonian Mechanics
- Hamiltonian Graph
- Hamiltonian Path
- Hamilton Cycle
- Hamiltonian Group
- Hamiltonian Matrix
- Hamilton's Equations
- Hamilton-Jacobi Equation (with Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi)
- Cayley-Hamilton Theorem (with Arthur Cayley)
Results named for William Rowan Hamilton can be found here.
Definitions of concepts named for William Rowan Hamilton can be found here.
- 1826: Theory of Systems of Rays
- 1834: On a General Method in Dynamics
- 1835: Algebra as the Science of Pure Time
- 16 October 1843: $i^2 = j^2 = k^2 = i j k = -1$ (in the stone of Brougham Bridge)
- 1853: Lectures on Quaternions
- Elements of Quaternions (posthumous)
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "William Rowan Hamilton": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive