# Definition:Bounded Sequence

*This page is about sequences which are bounded. For other uses, see Definition:Bounded.*

## Contents

## Definition

A special case of a bounded mapping is a **bounded sequence**, where the domain of the mapping is $\N$.

Let $\struct {T, \preceq}$ be an ordered set.

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $T$.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ is **bounded** if and only if $\exists m, M \in T$ such that $\forall i \in \N$:

- $(1): \quad m \preceq x_i$
- $(2): \quad x_i \preceq M$

That is, if and only if it is bounded above and bounded below.

### Real Sequence

The concept is usually encountered where $\struct {T, \preceq}$ is the set of real numbers under the usual ordering: $\struct {\R, \le}$:

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a real sequence.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ is **bounded** if and only if $\exists m, M \in \R$ such that $\forall i \in \N$:

- $m \le x_i$
- $x_i \le M$

### Complex Sequence

Let $\sequence {z_n}$ be a complex sequence.

Then $\sequence {z_n}$ is **bounded** if and only if:

- $\exists m, M \in \R$ such that $\forall i \in \N: \cmod {z_i} \le M$

where $\cmod {z_i}$ denotes the complex modulus of $z_i$.

### Normed Division Ring

Let $\struct {R, \norm {\, \cdot \,} }$ be a normed division ring.

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $R$.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ is **bounded** if and only if:

- $\exists K \in \R$ such that $\forall n \in \N: \norm {x_n} \le K$

### Metric Space

Let $M$ be a metric space.

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $M$.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ is a **bounded sequence** if and only if $\sequence {x_n}$ is bounded in $M$.

That is:

- $\exists K \in \R: \forall n, m \in \N: \map d {x_n, x_m} \le K$

## Unbounded Sequence

A sequence which is not bounded is **unbounded**.

## Sources

- 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**bound**:**2.**(of a sequence) - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**bound**:**2.**(of a sequence) - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**bounded sequence**