# 120

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## Number

$120$ (**one hundred and twenty**) is:

- $2^3 \times 3 \times 5$

- The $10$th highly composite number after $1$, $2$, $4$, $6$, $12$, $24$, $36$, $48$, $60$:
- $\tau \left({120}\right) = 16$

- The $23$rd highly abundant number after $1$, $2$, $3$, $4$, $6$, $8$, $10$, $12$, $16$, $18$, $20$, $24$, $30$, $36$, $42$, $48$, $60$, $72$, $84$, $90$, $96$, $108$:
- $\sigma \left({120}\right) = 360$

- The $10$th superabundant number after $1$, $2$, $4$, $6$, $12$, $24$, $36$, $48$, $60$:
- $\dfrac {\sigma \left({120}\right)} {120} = \dfrac {360} {120} = 3$

- The $15$th triangular number after $1$, $3$, $6$, $10$, $15$, $21$, $28$, $36$, $45$, $55$, $66$, $78$, $91$, $105$:
- $120 = \displaystyle \sum_{k \mathop = 1}^{15} k = \dfrac {15 \times \left({15 + 1}\right)} 2$

- The $8$th hexagonal number after $1$, $6$, $15$, $28$, $45$, $66$, $91$:
- $120 = 1 + 5 + 9 + 13 + 17 + 21 + 25 + 29 = 8 \left({2 \times 8 - 1}\right)$

- The $8$th tetrahedral number, after $1$, $4$, $10$, $20$, $35$, $56$, $84$:
- $120 = 1 + 3 + 6 + 10 + 15 + 21 + 28 + 36 = \dfrac {8 \left({8 + 1}\right) \left({8 + 2}\right)} 6$

- The $3$rd after $1$, $10$ of the $5$ tetrahedral numbers which are also triangular.

- The smallest positive integer greater than $1$ to appear $6$ times in Pascal's Triangle.

- The $5$th factorial after $1$, $2$, $6$, $24$:
- $120 = 5! = 5 \times 4 \times 3 \times 2 \times 1$

- The $6$th untouchable number after $2$, $5$, $52$, $88$, $96$.

- There are $17$ positive integers which have an Euler $\phi$ value $120$.

- The smallest positive integer which can be expressed as the sum of $2$ odd primes in $12$ ways.

- The $1$st triperfect number:
- $\sigma \left({120}\right) = 360 = 3 \times 120$

- The $4$th and final element of the Fermat set after $1$, $3$, $8$

- The $2$nd after $24$ of the $3$ integers which can be expressed as the product of both $3$ and $4$ consecutive integers:
- $120 = 4 \times 5 \times 6 = 2 \times 3 \times 4 \times 5$

- The $2$nd triangular number after $6$ which can be expressed as the product of $3$ consecutive integers:
- $120 = T_{15} = 4 \times 5 \times 6$

### Arithmetic Functions on $120$

\(\displaystyle \map \tau { 120 }\) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle 16\) | $\tau$ of $120$ | ||||||||||

\(\displaystyle \map \sigma { 120 }\) | \(=\) | \(\displaystyle 360\) | $\sigma$ of $120$ |

## Also see

*Previous ... Next*: Highly Composite Number*Previous ... Next*: Highly Abundant Number*Previous ... Next*: Superabundant Number*Previous ... Next*: Triangular Number*Previous ... Next*: Hexagonal Number*Previous ... Next*: Tetrahedral Number*Previous ... Next*: Factorial*Previous ... Next*: Untouchable Number*Previous ... Next*: Smallest Positive Integer which is Sum of 2 Odd Primes in n Ways*Previous ... Next*: Tetrahedral and Triangular Numbers*Previous ... Next*: Integers Representable as Product of both 3 and 4 Consecutive Integers*Previous ... Next*: Triangular Numbers which are Product of 3 Consecutive Integers

## Historical Note

The number $120$ was at one time sometimes referred to in England as a **long hundred**.

Hence the use of the term **short hundred** for the number $100$.

Both terms are now obsolete in England, although the term **great hundred** for $120$ is still used in Germany and Scandinavia.

## Sources

- 1986: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*... (previous) ... (next): $120$ - 1997: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Numbers*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $120$