# Definition:Scalar Quantity

*This page is about scalar quantity. For other uses, see Scalar.*

## Definition

A **scalar quantity** is a real-world concept that needs for its model a mathematical object which contains only one (usually numeric) component.

## Examples

### Mass

The **mass** of a body is a measure of how much matter it contains.

**Mass** is equivalent to inertia.

**Mass** also determines the degree to which a body creates or is affected by a gravitational field.

It is a scalar quantity.

### Volume

**Volume** is the measure of the extent of a body.

It has three dimensions and is specified in units of length cubed.

### Density

**Density** is a physical quantity.

The **density** of a body is its mass per unit volume.

### Speed

The **speed** of a body is a measure of the magnitude of its velocity, taking no account of its direction.

It is, therefore, a scalar quantity.

### Temperature

**Temperature** is a physical property of matter that quantifies how hot or cold a body is.

It is a scalar quantity which can be mapped directly to the real number line.

### Electric Potential

An **electric potential** is the amount of work needed to move a unit of electric charge from a given reference point to a specific point in an electric field without producing an acceleration.

The reference point is usually either Earth or a point at infinity, although any point can be used.

### Electric Charge

**Electric charge** is a physical quantity of matter which causes it to experience a force when near other electrically charged matter.

It is a scalar quantity.

### Entropy (Physics)

**Entropy** is a property of a thermodynamic system.

It quantifies the number $\Omega$ of microstates that are consistent with the macroscopic quantities that characterize the system.

## Also see

## Sources

- 1921: C.E. Weatherburn:
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*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**scalar quantity**