Symbols:S

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Set

$S$

Used to denote a general set.


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(S\) is S .


Algebraic Structure

$S$

Used to denote a general algebraic structure, in particular a semigroup.

In this context, frequently seen in the compound symbol $\struct {S, \circ}$ where $\circ$ represents an arbitrary binary operation.

The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\struct {S, \circ}\) is \struct {S, \circ} .


South

$\mathrm S$

South is the direction on (or near) Earth's surface along the meridian directly towards the South Pole.


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\mathrm S\) is \mathrm S .


Southeast

$\mathrm {SE}$

Southeast is the direction on (or near) Earth's surface halfway between south and east.


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\mathrm {SE}\) is \mathrm {SE} .


Southwest

$\mathrm {SW}$

Southwest is the direction on (or near) Earth's surface halfway between south and west.


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\mathrm {SW}\) is \mathrm {SW} .


Signum Function

$\map \sgn x$


Let $X \subseteq \R$ be a subset of the real numbers.


The signum function $\sgn: X \to \set {-1, 0, 1}$ is defined as:

$\forall x \in X: \map \sgn x := \sqbrk {x > 0} - \sqbrk {x < 0}$

where $\sqbrk {x > 0}$ etc. denotes Iverson's convention.


That is:

$\forall x \in X: \map \sgn x := \begin{cases} -1 & : x < 0 \\ 0 & : x = 0 \\ 1 & : x > 0 \end{cases}$


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\map \sgn x\) is \map \sgn x .


Filtering Function

$\map {\operatorname {sinc} } x$


The filtering function is the real function $\operatorname {sinc}: \R \to \R$ defined as:

$\forall x \in \R: \map {\operatorname {sinc} } x := \dfrac {\sin \pi x} {\pi x}$

where $\sin$ denotes the (real) sine function.


The $\LaTeX$ code for \(\map {\operatorname {sinc} } x\) is \map {\operatorname {sinc} } x .


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