Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Birth/501 - 1000 CE
- The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.'
- 1 $501$ – $600$
- 2 $601$ – $700$
- 3 $701$ – $800$
- 4 $801$ – $900$
- 5 $901$ – $1000$
$501$ – $600$
Varāhamihira (505 – 587)
Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer.
One of several early mathematicians to discover what is now known as Pascal's triangle.
Brahmagupta (598 – 668)
Indian mathematician and astronomer.
Bhāskara I (c. 600 – c. 680)
$601$ – $700$
$701$ – $800$
Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780 – c. 850)
Full name: محمد بن موسى ابو جعفر الخوارزمي -- Muḥammad bin Mūsā Abū Ǧaʿfar al-Ḫawārazmī.
Mathematician who lived and worked in Baghdad.
Leon the Mathematician (c. 790 – c. 870)
Archbishop of Thessalonike between $840$ and $843$.
Byzantine sage at the time of the first Byzantine renaissance of letters and the sciences in the $9$th century.
He was born probably in Constantinople where he studied grammar.
He later learnt philosophy, rhetoric, and arithmetic in Andros.
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$801$ – $900$
Mahāvīrāchārya (c. 800 – c. 870)
Mahāvīrāchārya (literally: Mahāvīrā the teacher) was an Indian mathematician best known for separating the subject of mathematics from that of astrology.
Al-Kindi (c. 801 – c. 873)
Full name: Abu Yūsuf Yaʻqūb ibn ʼIsḥāq aṣ-Ṣabbāḥ al-Kindī' (Arabic: أبو يوسف يعقوب بن إسحاق الصبّاح الكندي, Latin: Alkindus).
Persian mathematician, philosopher and prolific writer famous for providing a synthesis of the Greek and Hellenistic tradition into the Muslim world.
Thabit ibn Qurra (836 – 901)
Sabian mathematician, physician, astronomer, and translator who lived in Baghdad in the second half of the ninth century during the time of Abbasid Caliphate.
Made important discoveries in algebra, geometry, and astronomy.
One of the first reformers of the Ptolemaic system in Astronomy.
A founder of the discipline of statics.
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$901$ – $1000$
Abu Bakr al-Karaji (c. 953 – c. 1029)
Full name: Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad ibn al Ḥusayn al-Karajī (or al-Karkhī).
Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham (965 – c. 1039)
- Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham
- In Arabic: ابو علي، حسن بن حسن بن الهيثم
- In Persian: ابن هیثم
Best known as Alhacen or (deprecated) Alhazen.
Halayudha (c. 1000 )
Halayudha was an Indian mathematician who wrote the Mṛtasañjīvanī, a commentary on Piṅgalá's Chandah-shastra, containing a clear description of Pascal's triangle (called meru-prastaara).
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