# Book:Diophantus of Alexandria/Arithmetica

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## Diophantus of Alexandria:

## Contents

## Diophantus of Alexandria: *Arithmetica*

Published $\text {\text {c. $250$}}$.

### Subject Matter

### Contents

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## Translations and Editions

- c. 900: Qust¸a ibn Luqa (Arabic translation of four of the books, discovered in 1971 in Iran)
- c. 980: Abu al-Wafa' Buzjani (Arabic translation and commentary)

- 1463: Regiomontanus
- 1570: Rafael Bombelli (from a manuscript found in the Vatican: included in his own 1572 work
*Algebra* - 1575: Wilhelm Xylander (translation into Latin)

- 1621: Bachet (the present standard edition). It was in Fermat's copy of this edition that the famous Fermat's Last Theorem was scribbled.
- 1670: the clumsily-edited second edition of the Bachet translation, by Clément-Samuel Fermat (the son of Pierre de Fermat), complete with Fermat's marginal notes.
- 1585: Simon Stevin (French version of Books I -- IV, based on Wilhelm Xylander's edition
- 1625: Albert Girard (French version of Books V and VI, based on Wilhelm Xylander's edition

- 1822: Otto Schultz (German version based on Bachet)
- 1890: Gustav Wertheim (German version based on Bachet)

## Sources

- 1992: George F. Simmons:
*Calculus Gems*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $\text {A}.9$: Hypatia (A.D. $\text {370?}$ – $\text {415}$) - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Diophantus of Alexandria**(*c*. ad 260) - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Diophantus of Alexandria**(*c*. ad 260) - 2008: Ian Stewart:
*Taming the Infinite*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $4$: Lure of the Unknown: Algebraic symbolism - 2014: Christopher Clapham and James Nicholson:
*The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics*(5th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry:**Diophantus of Alexandria**(about ad 250)